Gustav Klimt: LandscapesJosef Hoffmann: The Homes of the WittgensteinsOtto Wagner: The Academy of Fine ArtsBernardo Bellotto: Views of Imperial ViennaPublic ProgramsVisitor InformationMembership Information

Italian Garden Landscape (detail)
Oil on canvas
Kunsthaus Zug / Foundation Kamm Collection, Switzerland

This exhibition occurred in the past. This website is available for informational purposes only.


Exhibitions of Josef Hoffmann, Otto Wagner, and Bernardo Bellotto opening June 16

WILLIAMSTOWN, MA (February 11, 2002) - The art and architecture of one of Europe's great cities will be the focus of a series of exhibitions at the Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute in summer 2002. The centerpiece of the celebration will be the first exhibition devoted to the landscapes of Viennese Symbolist Gustav Klimt. Gustav Klimt Landscapes, on view June 16 through September 2, will be accompanied by three focused exhibitions that explore the deep cultural change that Vienna experienced in the 18th and 19th centuries:

  • Bernardo Bellotto's cityscapes of Vienna from 1758 to 1761 will show the old city at the height of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
  • Rarely seen furniture and silver created by Josef Hoffmann, whose work influenced the American Arts and Crafts movement, will represent innovative Secessionist design.
  • An exhibition of architect Otto Wagner's work will focus on the elaborate watercolor drawings and gilded model for the proposed but never-built Vienna Academy of Fine Arts. The Clark is the only North American venue for these exhibitions.

    "There are few places in the world where intellectual life, history, and philosophy come together with the visual and performing arts in so harmonious and engaging a way as they have in Vienna over the centuries," said Michael Conforti, director of the Clark Art Institute. "These four exhibitions give us a rare opportunity to take a broad look at Viennese art and culture."

    Gustav Klimt Landscapes
    The landscapes of the great Viennese Symbolist Gustav Klimt (1862-1918) are as sensuous and lush as the female portraits for which he is best known, yet they are virtually unknown outside of Austria. Gustav Klimt Landsapes presents Klimt's colorful, poetic, and modern landscape paintings to North American audiences for the first time, demonstrating Klimt's range and establishing him as a landscapist of exceptional daring. Created from the 1890s until the artist's death in 1918, the large-scale landscapes include the orchards, woods, gardens, and mountains of his home. The rarely seen works reflect how Klimt combined influences from Japanese art, Austrian landscape traditions, the work of Van Gogh and Cezanne, and the unique modernism that made him the most dominant Viennese artist of his day to create something entirely new and radical.

    Josef Hoffmann: Homes of the Wittgensteins
    Josef Hoffmann (1879-1953) was a leading figure in Vienna's art revival. Born in Moravia in 1870, Hoffmann studied architecture at the Academy of Fine Arts under Carl von Hasenauer and Otto Wagner. He founded the influential Wiener Werkstatte and was a founding member of the Vienna Secession. His decorative arts greatly influenced the Arts and Crafts movement in the United States in the early 20th century. This exhibition featuring furniture, silver, drawings, and photographs will recreate the aesthetic atmosphere of turn-of-the-century Vienna through Hoffmann's work commissioned by Karl Wittgenstein from the late 1880s to 1905. The support of the influential industrialist, whose family included philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein and pianist Paul Wittgenstein, allowed Hoffmann to develop his novel design ideas.

    Otto Wagner: The Academy of Fine Arts
    Otto Wagner (1841-1918) was the leading architect of late imperial Vienna, creating such famous buildings as the Landerbank, the Majolica House, and the Post Office Savings Bank. In 1898, he proposed a design for a new Academy of Fine Arts, which, though never built, was among the most important works of his career. This exhibition will include Wagner's elaborate presentation watercolors and drawings for the opulent design, as well as a three-foot-high, three-dimensional gilded model presented to the Emperor Franz Joseph. Because Wagner pursued the project over the course of two decades, the designs demonstrate the evolution of his style through his career.

    Bernardo Bellotto: Views of Imperial Vienna
    Bernardo Bellotto's (1721-1780) detailed views of Vienna from the 1750s and 1760s show scenes of rococo Vienna's streets, parks, and palaces. These paintings were commissioned by Empress Marie Theresa and are now among the great treasures of the city's Kunsthistoriches Museum. The paintings in this exhibition depict Vienna from the elevated grounds of the Belvedere palace to inner city streets and reveal the diversity and vitality of one of Europe's most important capitals.

    The Vienna Project
    The Clark's Vienna exhibitions are part of "The Vienna Project," a collaboration of eleven leading Berkshire cultural attractions during the summer and fall of 2002. Programs range from the age of Mozart to the present and include art exhibitions, music, theater, opera, and film. Participating organizations are: the Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute, MASS MoCA, Tanglewood, Shakespeare & Company, the Williamstown Theatre Festival, Berkshire Opera, the Berkshire Museum, the Norman Rockwell Museum, the Williams College Museum of Art, the Berkshire Theatre Festival, and the Berkshire Choral Festival. For more information visit The wide range and quality of cultural organizations in Berkshire County-which rivals that of a major city-as well as the area's scenic beauty and outdoor recreation make the Berkshires "America's Premier Cultural Resort." For information on lodging, dining, and travel visit or call 1-800-237-5747.

    The Clark
    The Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute is one of the country's foremost art museums and also a dynamic center for research and higher education in art history and criticism. The Clark's exceptional collections of Old Master, Impressionist, and 19th-century American art on display in the museum's intimate galleries are enhanced by the beauty of its 140-acre setting in the Berkshires. The Clark is also recognized for its special exhibitions, such as the recent Impression: Painting Quickly in France, 1860-1890, which concurrently advance critical thought and generate popular interest in the arts.

    The Institute is one of only a few art museums in the U.S. that is also a major research and academic center, with an international fellowship program and regular conferences, symposia, and colloquia, and an important art research library. The Clark, together with Williams College, jointly sponsors one of the nation's leading M.A. programs in art history, which has been part of the professional development of a significant number of directors of art museums, curators, and scholars. The Clark's Fellows and conference programs draw university and museum professionals from around the world to pursue research and share new scholarship. The Institute encompasses one of the most comprehensive art history libraries in the world. The Clark also is home to the Williamstown Art Conservation Center, which serves more than 50 institutions in the region and also provides professional training in art conservation.

    The Clark is located at 225 South Street in Williamstown, Massachusetts. Throughout the exhibitions, the Clark galleries will be open daily 10:00 am to 5:00 pm Admission is $10 for adults (members, students, and children free). For more information, call 413-458-2303 or visit

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