Offering the Panal to the Bullfighter

During an extended stay in Spain in 1873, Cassatt made several paintings of local customs. This work depicts a young woman flirtatiously offering a glass of water to a bullfighter, who dips panal (honeycomb) into it to make a refreshing drink. The rich colors and dazzling brushwork are inspired by the seventeenth-century Spanish painter Diego Velázquez, whose “fine and simple manner” Cassatt praised.


M. Engrand, Paris (after December 1878); M. Parisot, Paris (by May 1947); [Durand-Ruel and Co., Paris, May 1947]; [Carroll Carstairs, New York, 20 June 1947]; [M. Knoedler & Co., New York, 29 September 1947, sold to Clark, 2 Oct 1947]; Robert Sterling Clark (1938-1955); Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute, 1955. 

Mary Cassatt

American (active in France), 1844–1926

Offering the Panal to the Bullfighter


Oil on canvas

39 5/8 x 33 1/2 in. (100.6 x 85.1 cm) Frame: 48 1/8 x 41 3/8 x 2 11/16 in. (122.2 x 105.1 x 6.8 cm)

Acquired by Sterling and Francine Clark, 1947




Stratton, Suzanne L. Spain, Espagne, Spanien: Foreign Artists Discover Spain 1800–1900. Exhibition catalogue. New York: The Spanish Institute in association with the Equitable Gallery, 1993.

Barter, Judith A., et al. Mary Cassatt: Modern Woman. Exhibition catalogue. New York: Art Institute of Chicago in association with Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1998.

Conrads, Margaret C. American Paintings and Sculpture at the Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute. New York: Hudson Hills Press, 1990.

Pollock, Griselda. Mary Cassatt: Painter of Modern Women. World of Art. London: Thames and Hudson, 1998.

Breeskin, Adelyn D. Mary Cassatt: A Catalogue Raisonné of the Oils, Pastels, Watercolors, and Drawings. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1970.

Tinterow, Gary and Geneviève Lacambre. Manet/Valázquez: The French Taste for Spanish Painting. Exhibition catalogue. New York and New Haven: The Metropolitan Museum of Art in association with Yale University Press, 2003.

Mathews, Nancy Mowll. Mary Cassatt. Library of American Art. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1987.