Clark Art Institute Explores the Venice Biennale Through Unique Collection of Materials Created for the Leading International Showcase of Contemporary Art

May 1, 2019
[Digital images available upon request]
 
Williamstown, Massachusetts—The Venice Biennale is the largest and longest-running recurring art exhibition in the world, attracting global interest and participation. In addition to a themed exhibition curated by an artistic director, more than eighty national pavilions and dozens of officially sanctioned “collateral events” occur during the six-month event. There is a long history of special publications and related materials that are produced in support of these exhibitions. Since 2007, the Clark Art Institute’s library has built an unparalleled collection of these editioned artworks, books, posters, publicity materials, and other, more unusual objects. This summer, visitors to the Clark will have the opportunity to experience the Biennale through the lens of these items. Art’s Biggest Stage: Collecting the Venice Biennale, 2007–2019 presents a unique look at the Biennale by showcasing the materials in the Clark’s growing collection and exploring the questions of identity, nationhood, and spectacle central to the event. The exhibition, curated by Brian Sholis, an independent curator and editor, offers insights into a period when contemporary art has received increasing attention in mainstream culture, when the art world’s geographic reach has expanded beyond its traditional centers, and when technology has reshaped how such events are encountered, both in-person and online. Art’s Biggest Stage is on view July 4–October 14, 2019, at the Lunder Center at Stone Hill, located on the Clark’s campus in Williamstown, Massachusetts.
 
“No other event compares to the scope, the scale, and the surprise of the Venice Biennale,” said Olivier Meslay, Hardymon Director of the Clark. “While the experience of attending the Biennale is unique and powerful, the objects and material artists create around the experience are every bit as intriguing and evocative. When I first arrived at the Clark in 2016 and discovered the amazing treasure trove in the library’s collection, I knew that it would make for a fascinating exhibition that would give our visitors an opportunity to experience a slice of the Biennale and the growing phenomenon of spectacle in the contemporary art world. Their range captures a sense of the spectacle that is the Biennale and provides a wonderful opportunity to examine the creativity of emerging and established contemporary artists.”
 
Following the tradition of nineteenth-century salons and world’s fairs, the first Biennale was held in 1895. Over time, the event has evolved into a cross-continental survey of contemporary art and the social issues it engages. This massive endeavor overtakes the city of Venice, creating an experience that is part art extravaganza, part urban tourism, and, for the city of Venice, a powerful economic engine. In 2017, 615,000 tourists descended on Venice for the Biennale.
 
“This exhibition offers Clark visitors a wonderful opportunity to discover the Biennale, and by extension, the breadth of artmaking today, through the editioned artworks and other materials created for its myriad presentations,” said Sholis. “The Biennale has been the preeminent event in contemporary art for half a century, and its importance increases as contemporary art crosses over into popular culture. Everyone who has visited the Biennale leaves with great stories—and these objects tell many such tales.”
 
For the 2009 Biennale, for example, artists Michael Elmgreen and Ingar Dragset organized the Danish and Nordic Pavilions. Rather than present an exhibition of only their own work, the duo created The Collectors, two fictional worlds that turned the adjacent pavilions into houses—one for a bourgeois family, one for a single gay man—and invited more than twenty artists working in various media to fill them. Those materials, plus sketchbooks and more, are included in the exhibition.
 
The national-pavilion structure encourages many participating artists to consider questions of personal and national identity. In 2017, the Tunisian Pavilion and the artists’ collective Neue Slovenische Kunst (NSK) both highlighted the challenges of migration. Tunisia returned to the Biennale that year after a long absence, though not with a traditional pavilion. Instead, its project, The Absence of Paths, came in the form of a universal visa, or Freesa, that visitors could apply for and obtain at one of three kiosks installed across the city. The document, resembling an official passport, identifies the holder as a migrant, a global citizen in a world with no borders. Similarly, NSK brought its ongoing project NSK State in Time in the form of an NSK passport office. Bearers become citizens of the NSK state, a conceptual “micronation” created by the collective’s artists. Both application documents and “passports” from each pavilion are included in the exhibition.
 
The exhibition includes an array of other distinctive objects including vinyl records, tote bags, beer bottles, a cowbell, party invitations, posters, wallpaper, wax-sealed letters, artists’ books, clothing, and more created by—or, in some cases responding to—artists from around the world. Some of the objects included in the Clark’s show will be from the 2019 edition of the Biennale, which opens on May 11 and will be ongoing in Venice while Art’s Biggest Stage is on view in Williamstown.   
 
A companion catalogue is being published by the Clark and distributed by Yale University Press. The illustrated catalogue is edited by exhibition curator Brian Sholis and includes essays by Sholis,  art librarian and researcher Sarah Hamerman, and Susan Roeper, director of the Clark’s library.
 
The Clark’s summer 2019 exhibitions and programs are made possible in part by generous support from Denise Littlefield Sobel. Support for Art's Biggest Stage: Collecting the Venice Biennale, 2007–2019 is provided by Maureen Fennessy Bousa and Edward P. Bousa and Amy and Charlie Scharf, with additional support from the Rohit and Katharine Desai Family Foundation.
 
ABOUT THE VENICE BIENNALE COLLECTION
The Clark’s library has long collected the primary catalogues associated with the Venice Biennale. In 2007 the library stepped up its ambition to expand its collection by including many of the ephemeral items created specifically for the exhibition. The library partnered with London-based book dealer Thomas Heneage, who regularly attends the event, commissioning him to gather the materials distributed in the exhibitions and pavilions. Since then, the library has built a collection of editioned artworks, books, posters, publicity materials, and other objects produced for the recurring extravaganza, including a rich trove of websites, games, mobile apps and social media content.
 
ABOUT THE CLARK
The Clark Art Institute, located in the Berkshires of western Massachusetts, is one of a small number of institutions globally that is both an art museum and a center for research, critical discussion, and higher education in the visual arts. Opened in 1955, the Clark houses exceptional European and American paintings and sculpture, extensive collections of master prints and drawings, English silver, and early photography. Acting as convener through its Research and Academic Program, the Clark gathers an international community of scholars to participate in a lively program of conferences, colloquia, and workshops on topics of vital importance to the visual arts. The Clark library, consisting of more than 275,000 volumes, is one of the nation’s premier art history libraries. The Clark also houses and co-sponsors the Williams College Graduate Program in the History of Art.
 
The Clark, which has a three-star rating in the Michelin Green Guide, is located at 225 South Street in Williamstown, Massachusetts. Its 140-acre campus includes miles of hiking and walking trails through woodlands and meadows, providing an exceptional experience of art in nature. Galleries are open Tuesday through Sunday, 10 am to 5 pm; open daily in July and August. Admission is $20; free year-round for Clark members, children 18 and younger, and students with valid ID. Free admission is available through several programs, including First Sundays Free; a local library pass program; EBT Card to Culture; and Blue Star Museums. For more information on these programs and more, visit clarkart.edu or call 413 458 2303.
 
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